For theology, ministerial, and seminary classes:
Papers for these classes follow the guidelines found in the current edition of A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate L. Turabian. This is an adaptation of the fuller Chicago Manual of Style, which may be used as a reference for points not covered in Turabian. Both manuals may be found in the reference area of the library.
The Athenaeum follows the bibliography/notes format in Turabian, which calls for a bibliography of items at the end of the paper. Notes within the body of the paper are cited as footnotes or in-text references.
Guidesheets with examples of Turabian citation formats for bibliographies and notes are available in the library.
For pastoral counseling classes:
Papers for these classes follow the style of the American Psychological Association (APA), found in Concise Rules of APA Style, 2005. The full style manual is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th ed. 2001. Both manuals may be found in the reference area of the library.
Guidesheets with examples of APA citation formats for bibliographies are available in the library. For APA Style guidelines, visit the Pastoral Counseling LibGuide.
- Pastoral Counseling
This guide, designed to support the 'Pastoral Counseling' course, provides links to class materials and library resources.
Welcome to the Turabian/Chicago citation style reseach guide. Turabian style of writing and formatting was created by Kate Turabian. This style was adapted from the University of Chicago's 'Chicago' style of citation and was simplified for students and researchers.
Turabian presents two basic systems of documentation: notes-bibliography style (or simply bibliography style) and author-date style (or reference list style). These styles are basically the same as in the Chicago style. Bibliography style is typically used in literature, history and the arts. The reference list style is typically used in the physical, natural, and social science areas.
The purpose of documentation is to:
- Identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay or term paper.
- Indicate the authors or sources of these in a Reference or Bibliography list at the end of your paper.
The following sections provide you with information and examples that will help you to cite the sources that you come across during your research. While this guide provides helpful examples, it may not be perfect. For more detailed information, please consult your instructor or see the Manual, which is available at the Ask Here Desk in the Library.
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